Production, import, use, possession and sale of cannabis for recreational use are prohibited by law. While cannabis remains illegal in Slovenia, the medical cannabis community has been growing. Since 2016, when cannabis was re-categorised within the Decree on the classification of illicit drugs, it has been permitted to use it for medical purposes. Cannabinoids can be prescribed for medical use. The Ministry of Health is preparing an upgrade of regulations that will set clear rules for the production of cannabis for medical purposes. This will enable the cultivation, processing and research of this plant in Slovenia.